Because of the likelihood of developing decay in the depressions and grooves of the premolars and molars, children and teenagers are obvious candidates for sealants. However, adults without decay or fillings in their molars can also benefit from sealants.
Typically, children should get sealants on their permanent molars and premolars as soon as these teeth come in. In this way, the sealants can protect the teeth through the cavity-prone years of ages 6-14.
Dental sealant is a thin, plastic coating painted on the chewing surfaces of the teeth- usually the back teeth ( molars and premolars) to prevent tooth decay. The sealants quickly bonds into the depressions and grooves of the teeth forming a protective shield over the enamel of each tooth. Although thorough brushing and flossing can remove food particles and plaque from smooth surfaces of teeth, they cannot always get into all the nooks and crannies of the back teeth to remove the food and plaque. Sealants protect these vulnerable
* Proper care of the mouth following most dental procedures can reduce complications and speed the healing of the surgical area.
Protection of the blood clot: Maintain gentle pressure by biting on the gauze sponge that has been placed over the surgical area, or on a tea bag that has been gently moistened and wrapped in a piece of gauze. Keep steady, firm pressure for 45 minutes. Repeat as often as needed.
Do Not rinse: or use mouthwash for at least 24 hours. After 24 hours rinse with warm salt ( 1/2 teaspoon table salt in 8 ounces of warm water) every 1-2 hours is recommended. The use of commercial mouth wash is not encouraged.
Discomfort: following dental surgery it is normal to experience some discomfort. If medication has been prescribed, take as instructed.
The toothbrush: may be carefully used in the area of the mouth not involved by the surgical procedures. A clean mout
The goals of treatment are to cure the infection, save the tooth, and prevent complications. Antibiotics may be given to fight the infection. Warm salt water rinses may be soothing. Over-the-counter pain relievers may help to reduce pain and fever. A root canal may be recommended in an attempt to save the tooth. If there is a severe infection, the tooth may be removed or surgery may be needed to drain the abcess. Some people may be admitted to the hospital. Untreated abcesses may get worse and can lead to life threatening complications. Prompt treatment usually cures the infection. The tooth can usually be saved in many cases.
The dentist will closely look at your teeth, mouth and gums. You may have pain when the dentist taps the tooth. Biting or closing the mouth tightly also increases the pain. The gums may be swollen and red and may drain thick material. Dental xrays and other tests can help your dentist determine which tooth or teeth is causing the problem.
The main symptom is a severe toothache. The pain is continuous and may be described as gnawing, sharp, shooting, and throbbing.
- bitter taste in mouth
- breath odor
- general discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling
- pain when chewing
- sensitivity to hot or cold
- swelling in the gums
- swollen glands
A tooth abcess is a collection of infected material due to a bacterial infection in the center of a tooth. A tooth abcess is a result of of tooth decay. It may also result from trauma to the tooth, such as when a tooth is broken or chipped. Openings in the tooth enamel allow bacteria to infect the center of the tooth (the pulp). Infection may spread out from the root of the tooth and to the bones supporting the tooth. Infection results in a collection of pus ( dead tissue, live and dead bacteria, white blood cells) and swelling of the tissue within the tooth. This causes a painful toothache. If the pulp of the tooth dies, the toothache may stop, unless an abcess develops. This is especially true if the infection remains active and continues to spread
Sore Spots in the mouth;
Loss of vertical support for the denture (bone loss) can cause the mouth to "over-close". This can change the way the lips seal together and cause saliva to pool at the corners of the mouth. The excess moisture in this area may cause the skin to become irritated and may increase the risk of a candida (fungus) infection. The soreness may also be the result of a vitamin deficiency.
Wrinkles above/around lips or corners of mouth;
Denture has moved back in the mouth and no longer supports the lips. This may be due to bone loss and/or loss of skin elasticity and moisture loss.
Dr. James L. Johnson