Each tooth in the mouth contains four different tissues that serve different functions: The teeth are made up of two major parts: The crown and the root. The crown of the tooth is what is visible in the mouth. The root of the tooth is the portion which normally is not visible in the mouth and is anchored within the bone. Within each tooth, the four different tissues that are present are the enamel, the dentin, the pulp and the cementum.
The most widely used system in U.S. dental schools is the Universal Numbering System. This consists of assigning numbers to the teeth in the permanent dentition from 1 to 32 starting with the upper right third molar (wisdom tooth) and continuing over to the upper left third molar and then down to the lower left third molar and onto to the lower right third molar. For example: the lower right canine tooth would be #27.
Thumbsucking is a natural reflex for children. However, after the permanent teeth come in, sucking may cause problems with the proper growth of the mouth and alignment of the teeth. It can also cause changes in the roof of the mouth. Pacifiers can affect the teeth essentially the same way, but is often an easier habit to break. Some aggressive thumbsuckers may develop problems with their baby teeth.
Children usually stop sucking between the ages of two and four years old, or by the time the permanent front teeth are ready to erupt. If you notice changes in your children's primary teeth, or are concerned about your child's thumbsucking, consult your dentist.
* Custom Fitted: These are made by your dentist for you personally. They are more expensive than the other versions, but because they are customized, usually off the best fit.
* Stock: These are inexpensive and come pre-formed, ready to wear. Unfortunately, they often don't fit very well. They can be bulky and can make breathing and talking difficult.
* Boil and Bite: These mouth protectors can be bought at many sporting goods stores and drug stores and may offer a better fit than the stock mouth protectors. They are first softened in water (boiled), then inserted and allowed to adapt to the shape of your mouth.
Mouth guards, Also called mouth protectors, help cushion a blow to the face, minimizing the risk of broken teeth and are a great way to protect the soft tissues of your tongue, lips, and cheek lining. Knowing how to prevent injuries like these is especially important if you participate in organized sports or other recreational activities.
Studies show that athletes are 60 times more likely to suffer harm to the teeth if they're not wearing a mouth guard. While collision and contact sports, such as boxing, are higher-risk sports for the mouth, you can experience a dental injury in non-contact activities too, such as gymnastics and skating.
Studies have shown that chewing sugarless gum for 20 minutes following meals can help prevent tooth decay.
The chewing of sugarless gum increases the flow of saliva, which washes away food and other debris, neutralizes acids produced by bacteria in the mouth and provides disease-fighting substances throughout the mouth. Increased saliva flow also carries with it more calcium and phosphates to help strengthen tooth enamel.
The only varieties of gum with the ADA seal are sugarless. Don't let chewing gum replace brushing and flossing. It's not a substitute.
It may be easy to overlook your mouth, but pregnancy can actually make some dental problems worse. Brushing and flossing contributes to your overall health, too, and if your mouth is healthy, it'a more likely that your baby's mouth will be healthy. It's important to continue to see your dentist during pregnancy for oral exams and professional cleanings. Your gums may be extra sensitive during pregnancy. Your dentist may recommend more frequent appointments.
Always brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, cleaning between your teeth once a day, eating a balanced diet, and limiting between-meal snacks.
Meth mouth is a dental condition characterized by severe decay and loss of teeth, as well as fracture, enamel erosion, and other oral problems symptomatic of extended use of the drug methamphetamine. The specific cause of the condition is unknown, although "dry mouth" and bruxism ( teeth grinding) are involved. Other frequently cited factors are poor nutrition, eating too much sugar, and lack of dental hygiene, common among long-term users of the drug. Treating meth-mouth is difficult, and it can be medically dangerous for active meth users because of the cardiac problems that can result from the interaction of local anesthetic with the drug. To treat patients with the condition, dentists prescribe fluoride to fight tooth decay and drugs that increase saliva for dry mouth: they also educate patients about nutrition and dental hygiene.
Some users describe their teeth as "blackened, stained, rotted, crumbling, or falling apart". Often, the teeth cannot be salvaged and must be removed. The extensive tooth decay is likely caused by a combination of drug-induced psychological and physiological changes resulting in dry mouth and long periods of poor hygiene.
The main goal of treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease. Any type of treatment requires that the patient keep up good daily care at home. The doctor may also suggest changing certain behaviors, such as quitting smoking, as a way to improve treatment outcome.
* Bad Breath that won't go away
* Red or swollen gums
* Tender or bleeding gums
* Painful Chewing
* Loose Teeth
* Sensitive teeth
* Receding gums or longer appearing teeth
Dr. James L. Johnson