Bad breath can be caused by;
* Poor dental hygiene; infrequent or in-proper brushing and flossing can leave food particles to decay inside the mouth.
* Infections in the mouth- periodontal (gum) disease
* respiratory infections: throat infections, sinus infections, lung infections
* External agents: garlic, onion, coffee, cigarettes, chewing tobacco
Also known as halitosis, is breath that has an unpleasant odor. This odor can strike periodically or be persistent, depending on the cause. In many people, the millions of bacteria that live in the mouth (particularly on the back of the tongue) are the primary cause of bad breath. The mouth's warm, moist conditions make an ideal environment for these bacteria to grow. Most bad breath is caused by something in the mouth.
Some types of bad breath, such as "morning mouth" are considered to be fairly normal, and they usually aren't health concerns. The "morning mouth" type of bad breath occurs because the saliva that regularly washes away decaying food and odors during the daytime diminishes at night while you sleep. Your mouth becomes dry and dead cells adhere to your tongue and to the inside of your cheeks. Bacteria use these cells for food and expel compounds that have a foul odor.
You might want to limit acidic foods and drinks, such as carbonated drinks, citrus fruits, wine and yogurt.- all which can remove tooth enamel. When you drink acidic liquids, use a straw to limit contact with your teeth. After eating or drinking an acidic substance, drink milk or water to balance the acid levels in your mouth. It also helps to avoid brushing your teeth immediately after eating or drinking acidic substances, since acid softens enamel and makes it more vulnerable to erosion during brushing.
To prevent sensitive teeth from recurring, your dentist might offer suggestions to help you maintain your oral health. Twice a day, brush your teeth with a soft bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. Floss Daily. Avoid vigorous or harsh scrubbing, highly abrasive toothpaste, and excessive brushing and flossing. If you grind your teeth, ask about a mouth guard. Tooth grinding (bruxism) can fracture teeth and cause sensitivity.
* Desensitizing toothpaste: After several applications, desensitizing toothpaste can help block pain associated with sensitive teeth.
* Fluoride: Your dentist might apply fluoride to the sensitive areas of your teeth to strengthen tooth enamel and reduce pain.
* Covering exposed root surfaces: If receding gums are the cause of your sensitive teeth, your dentist might apply a sealant to cover the exposed tooth roots.
* Root Canal: If your sensitive teeth cause severe pain and other treatments aren't effective, your dentist might recommend a root canal. A procedure used to treat problems in the tooth's soft core (pulp).
When you have sensitive teeth, activities such as brushing, flossing, eating, and drinking can cause sharp, temporary pain in your teeth. Sensitive teeth are typically the result of worn tooth enamel or exposed tooth roots. Sometimes, however, tooth discomfort is caused by other factors, such as a cavity, a cracked or chipped tooth, or a side effect of a dental procedure, such as bleaching.
If you are concerned about sensitive teeth, start by visiting your dentist. They can identify or rule out any underlying causes of your tooth pain. Depending on circumstances, your dentist may have multiple recommendations.
There are normally six molars in each arch: three on the left and then on the right. They are referred to as first, second, and third molars. The role of the molars in chewing is to grind the food.
The teeth located behind the canines are known as premolars. There are 4 premolars in each arch and two are located behind each canine in the arch. These teeth are smaller than the molars and are responsible for crushing food in the chewing process. These teeth are also only present in the permanent teeth, (not baby teeth).
The teeth located behind the lateral incisors are known as canines. These teeth form the corners of the mouth. There are two canines in the maxillary (upper) arch and two canines in the mandibular (lower) arch. These teeth are responsible for tearing food particles when chewing.
Incisors: The four front teeth in the mouth are known as incisors. They are located in both the maxillary (upper) and mandibular (lower) arches. The two center teeth are known as central incisors and the teeth on either side of them are known as lateral incisors. All of these teeth are responsible for cutting or biting food. They act like scissors.
Dr. James L. Johnson