Our mouths are full of bacteria. These bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, constantly form a sticky, colorless “plaque” on teeth. Brushing and flossing help get rid of plaque. Plaque that is not removed can harden and form “tartar” that brushing doesn’t clean. Only a professional cleaning will help. The longer plaque and tartar are on teeth, the more harmful they become. The bacteria cause inflammation of the gums that is called “gingivitis.” In gingivitis, the gums become red, swollen and can bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can usually be reversed with daily brushing and flossing, and regular cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist. This form of gum disease does not include any loss of bone and tissue that hold teeth in place. When gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to “periodontitis” (which means “inflammation around the tooth”). In periodontitis, gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces (called “pockets”) that become infected. The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Bacterial toxins and the body’s natural response to infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. If not treated, the bones, gums, and tissue that support the teeth are destroyed. The teeth may eventually become loose and have to be removed.
Causes of Gum Disease
The sequence makes no difference as long as you do a thorough job. Brushing and flossing is the best way to remove decay-causing plaque from your teeth and help maintain optimal oral health. Choose a toothbrush that feels comfortable in your hand and in your mouth, and use it twice a day.
Geographic tongue is the name of a condition that gets its name from its map-like appearance on the upper surface and sides of the tongue. It may occur in other areas of your mouth, as well.
You'll be relieved to know that geographic tongue is a harmless, It only effects about 1% to 3% of people, Geographic tongue can show up at any age. However, it tends to affect middle-aged or older adults more often. It appears to be more common in women than in men.
Symptoms of Geographic TongueThe telltale signs of geographic tongue are irregular, smooth, red patches on parts of the tongue. These patches may:
About one in 10 people with geographic tongue may have mild discomfort or a burning or painful sensation. This is often from sensitivity to substances such as:
A dry socket is a condition that may result after a tooth extraction if the blood clot that normally fills the socket is lost. The dry socket leaves underlying nerves exposed, which is very painful. The condition is treated by a dentist who cleans the wound and places a special dressing into the socket. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications like ibuprofen may be used to treat pain and decrease swelling.
The typical scenario for dry socket is the occurrence of throbbing pain about two to four days after the tooth is extracted. Dry socket pain is often accompanied by bad breath and a foul taste in the mouth. With this onset of pain, it is obvious that proper healing has been interrupted.
Dry socket is a condition in which there is inflammation of the jawbone after a tooth extraction. It is one of the many complications that can occur from a tooth extraction. The occurrence of dry socket is relatively rare, occurring in about 2% of tooth extractions. However, that percentage rises to at least 20% when it involves the removal of mandibular impacted third molars (lower wisdom teeth).
A temporary crown is made of Acrylic and cemented on with temporary cement for easy removal, when it's it time put on the permanent. Here are some care instructions for your short time with the temporary....
1. The temporary cement requires about one half hour to set. Please do not chew on it during that period of time. Until the anesthetic wears off, avoid hot food and beverage. They can cause a burn that you may not notice until the feeling returns.
2. Certain foods will stick to the temporary restoration. Avoid sticky and hard foods such as chewing gum, candy and nuts. It is important that your temporary crown or bridge stay in place until the final restoration is seated. These foods may pull off the temporary.
3. Home care is important. Please brush the gum line around the plastic crown to keep it clean. This will help the gum tissue heal and stay healthy. You may wish to use a salt-water rinse for the next three days. If so, mix 1/4 teaspoon of salt into a mug of warm water and gently rinse the solution between the teeth. Do not swallow this salt solution. Repeat this rinse two to three times daily.
4. Floss your temporary, but be sure to gently thread the floss out at the gum line when finished, rather than pulling the floss out towards the chewing surface. This will prevent you from inadvertently pulling off the temporary.
5. If the temporary comes off, attempt to slip it back into place. Please notify our office that your temporary has come off, so that we can find a time to recement it, or remake it if necessary. If you are not where you can contact us, go to a pharmacy and get some Fixodent. Replace the temporary on your tooth with some Fixodent holding it in place. This denture adhesive will retain the temporary restoration until you can see us. Please do not allow the underlying tooth to go unprotected because the tooth/teeth may fracture or move and the final restoration may not fit.
6. The prepared tooth may be sensitive to temperature. You may wish to use sensitivity toothpaste. If the sensitivity persists for several days or if the tooth becomes painful to bite on, or if you have a profound toothache, please notify us.
7. The color, shape and size of your temporary do not resemble the final restoration in any way. The temporary has been placed to protect the underlying tooth/teeth and preserve their position and health for the placement of the final restoration.
8. Your final restoration will be placed at your next appointment. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to call us.
Dental floss. Is there any stronger love/hate relationship? Dental professionals love it – patients hate it. As a dental hygienist and life-long flosser, I’ve lived this relationship. I thought flossing was easy because it was easy for me. But it isn’t easy for most people.
Dental Floss: Challenging to UseDental floss only works for those who use it regularly and do it effectively enough to get a health benefit. How many people can:
Water Flossers:Long before the first clinical study compared the Water Flosser to dental floss, many dental professionals told me that their patients preferred water flossing. And they were extremely happy with the results.
The science supports what professionals have been seeing chair-side for years. The Water Flosser is an easy and more effective alternative to string floss.
Clinical studies show that the Water Flosser is up to:
The pain, swelling and discomfort that follows wisdom tooth extraction is a normal part of the healing process. How long is wisdom teeth recovery time? When will you be back to chewing crunchy carrots and apples with ease?
Getting Your Teeth Pulled
The wisdom teeth, also known as the third molars, are the final set of molars to erupt. Not everyone keeps these teeth, nor are they necessary for having a healthy, beautiful smile. In fact, they can cause harm if they do not come in properly. When these molars come in, usually between the ages of 16 and 20, there may not be enough room left for them to erupt. As a result, they can emerge at an angle, they may crowd the mouth and sometimes they don't fully emerge. This can lead to future oral health problems like infections and pain.
The American Dental Association recommends that people have their mouth checked before age 20 to see how the wisdom teeth are erupting and for wisdom teeth impaction while the roots are still developing. If necessary, a dentist or an oral surgeon can remove the final molars in a single outpatient procedure. Tooth extraction is a form of major surgery. While in general anesthesia or local anesthesia options are used to make wisdom teeth removal a more comfortable procedure, pain and discomfort are a part of the process, especially after the anesthesia wears off. After your teeth are pulled, wisdom teeth recovery time begins.
Taking Care of Yourself After Surgery
After getting your wisdom teeth pulled, you are likely to experience pain and swelling. There may be some bleeding. While your mouth heals, you have to be careful not to dislodge the blood clot or harm your healing gums. You should not consume solid foods, alcohol, coffee, soda or hot beverages in the first few days following your procedure. You shouldn't even brush your teeth for the first day of recovery. Usually wisdom teeth recovery time is three to four days, although it can be as long as one week. The length of recovery depends a lot on how badly the wisdom teeth were impacted and how they were erupting.
There are plenty of things you can do to make the recovery time easier. Plan on taking it easy for a few days; you can resume your normal activities after the first day in most cases, but for about a week you don't want to do anything that could dislodge the blood clot from where your teeth were removed. For the pain, you can take a prescription pain killer given to you by your oral surgeon or recommended over-the-counter pain relievers. To help with the swelling, place an ice pack over your jaw. The cold helps to reduce the inflammation and ease any discomfort.
Your dentist or oral surgeon should instruct you on how to take care of your mouth for the recovery period. You may be told to avoid brushing, spitting, flossing and rinsing for 24 hours. After that, you can gently brush your teeth. Rinse your mouth with salt water frequently to help keep it clean and prevent an infection. Stock up on apple sauce, yogurt, cottage cheese and other soft foods. You want to eat a soft-food diet for the first day or more and then slowly move to semi-soft foods when you are ready.
The recovery period can take several days and in some cases there may still be swelling and discomfort for a week or more. Use ice packs, enjoy soft foods and keep your mouth clean with simple salt water. If you notice any unusual symptoms like pus discharge, severe pain or a fever, call your oral surgeon right away. While complications such as an infection are rare, they are possible.
Besides the obvious bad habits such as smoking, coffee and bad oral hygiene. Here are a few other things you might find interesting that will contribute to discoloring your teeth.
Because of their acidity, bright red hue and tendency to cling to the teeth, the tomatoes in pasta sauce can leave your teeth vulnerable to staining. Dine on some dark green veggies, such as broccoli, kale and spinach, beforehand to create a protective film over the teeth. The film will ward off tomatoes' staining effect, so spring for a green salad as an appetizer.
Curry, a spice that works well in Indian food and exotic dishes, is also a cause of discolored teeth. Its deep pigmentation can yellow teeth over time. Due to its high staining factor, curry is something you may want to limit in your diet. Whenever you dine on curry-spiced food, mix in fresh fruits and vegetables that prevent stains, such as apples, carrots, cauliflower and celery.
Balsamic vinegar is a healthy salad dressing, but it can also darken your teeth. The reason? Its dark natural color, of course. It also sticks to your teeth, which can lead to staining if it's not quickly brushed away. You don't have to give up on this light salad dressing. Whenever you have a salad with balsamic vinegar, be sure to include a crunchy lettuce; chewing the lettuce will help clean the staining balsamic vinegar from your teeth as you eat.
Berries provide health benefits, such as antioxidants, but they also have the potential to stain your teeth. The deep hue in blueberries, cranberries, raspberries and blackberries in particular can cause staining, regardless of whether they are eaten whole, drunk as juice or processed as jelly and jam. Don't let them linger in your mouth for too long, and drink water to combat their staining effect. Finish with a glass of milk or a serving of hard cheese, both of which neutralize acid and strengthen teeth.
A number of different drinks, including coffee, tea, sodas, sports drinks and wine, can cause stains due to their acidity. Teas of all colors, even white tea, have been shown to stain teeth and erode enamel. Sports drinks also damage tooth enamel and discolor teeth. Both light and dark sodas, because of their acidity, also cause discoloration and even encourage further staining from foods. Not only can red wine stain teeth; white wine can as well. Believe it or not, white wine is more acidic than red, which may cause more damage and discoloration to the teeth. Limiting your intake of all of these beverages will benefit both your oral and overall health.
Keep Smiling Bright
A healthy diet and a change of habits can prevent tooth stains and preserve your pristine smile. Enjoy your favorite foods, but use caution. Moderation is key when it comes to foods and drinks that discolor your teeth. If you choose water over other beverages, and if you make sure to rinse your mouth with water and brush your teeth within a half hour of eating, you can significantly improve your smile. Stay on top of your brushing and flossing, too. Flossing helps remove the pesky plaque that builds up between teeth and the gum line and attracts stains. Brushing removes food particles before they have the chance to cause a stain. Use stain-removing toothpaste, Or inquire with the dentist about available professional tooth whitening options.
A crown may supply the finishing touch after a root canal – sealing the tooth and strengthening it for the long term – but a crown isn't necessary in every case. Teeth at the front of the mouth and those that are reasonably strong, in particular, may not need them at all. Weighing the following pros and cons can help you decide if a root canal without crown placement is the best and most cost-effective option for you.
STRONG BUT DELICATE
Root canals save teeth from decay, but they can also weaken them. When the pulp inside a tooth is infected or no longer living, dentists can treat the tooth through a root canal by removing the pulp and apply filling to replace it. When performing routine root canals, however, dentists drill through the tooth and then remove infected and decayed enamel, dentin and pulp. For this reason, teeth with large cavities are weak even when the cavities are filled. Because root canals also remove the pulp, the teeth involved can no longer function as living things. Over time, this deficit causes them to lose strength and become likely to fracture.
WHY CROWNS ARE ADDED
After performing root canal work, dentists apply permanent fillings to protect the treated teeth from bacteria and to strengthen them in the process. For many root canal procedures, however, fitting crowns over the filled teeth is necessary because of the high risk of fracture without the extra protection crowns provide. Another advantage of crowns is that they restore the natural appearance of your teeth.
Methamphetamine (meth) is a dangerously addictive drug that can have severe health consequences, including stroke and permanent brain damage. It’s also devastating to your dental hygiene.
“Meth mouth” is characterized by severe tooth decay and gum disease, which often causes teeth to break or fall out. An examination of the mouths of 571 methamphetamine users showed:
The study found that the more meth a person used, the worse their tooth decay was. Meth users who were 30 years of age or older, women or cigarette smokers were more likely to have tooth decay and gum disease.
Meth – also known as speed, ice, glass and crystal – can be smoked, snorted, injected or taken in pill form and is highly addictive. The high (which causes the brain to feel intense pleasure) can last up to 12 hours. This can lead to long periods of poor dental hygiene, they may grind or clench their teeth, all of which can harm teeth.
Some teeth can be treated with fillings, but a majority of the time the teeth will have to be removed, from the severe damage of the drug.
Dr. James L. Johnson